This is the kind of oil industry-friendly approach to regulation that should make you want to bang your head on your desk. Bloomberg has the story:
The oil industry and the railroads that haul its crude have offered U.S. regulators a joint plan to phase out a type of older tank car tied to a spate of fiery accidents… The parties agreed to scrap a fleet of thousands of DOT-111s within three years if manufacturers agree they can replace or retrofit the tank cars in that period. [emphasis added]
What happened here is that the American Petroleum Institute and the Association of American Railroads met privately with federal regulators to offer this proposal in lieu of more stringent safety rules, such as those recommended by the National Transportation Safety Board.
Keep in mind that the DOT-111 tank cars in question are notoriously and obviously unsafe. Four times in the last year they have derailed and unleashed towering infernos, killing 47 people in one case. Yet the industry wants to keep them rolling on a daily basis through the heart of big cities, past major league baseball games, schools, cruise ship terminals, you name it. Even though these shipments expose taxpayers to enormous liability risks because the industry is radically under-insured against catastrophic accidents.
And even though these shipments are so dangerous that the slow federal regulatory response earned the ire of the top US transportation safety official who called it, “a tombstone mentality” and said, “we don’t need a higher body count before they move forward.”
But big industry players—railroads and oil companies alike—oppose removing legacy DOT-111s from service because doing so might burst the Bakken shale oil bubble.
Worse yet, even the overlong three year plan the industry proposes is probably little more than a smokescreen because even that schedule contains a poisonous caveat that tank car manufacturers be able to produce enough tank cars. Yet there’s very good reason to think that they can’t. In fact, industry representatives have already warned “that the railway supply industry will have a hard time meeting the rising demand for new cars while retrofitting existing ones,” and shippers looking to buy rail cars are already facing a two-year backlog in some markets.
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The details of the plan are troubling too. Among other elements, the industry favors tank cars with thinner steel shells than what the National Transportation Safety Board has recommended, apparently to reduce costs. If regulators at the US Transportation Department go along, the deal would represent an unscientific approach that compromises safety to gain industry approval.
It should be clear by now—after explosion followed by explosion—that the crude oil-by-rail industry thinks about safety regulations differently than most people do. Here they are in their own words:
Edward Hamberger, chief executive officer of the [American Association of Railroads], said “What is the need for commerce? What is the need for having a tank that actually has some capacity? You could make them a foot thick and then have them carry three gallons each. There will always be some risk.”
Update: Patrick Rucker with Reuters reports that the oil refining industry is balking at the agreement between the oil producers and railroads:
“Our members own or lease the lion’s share of rail tank cars used to transport crude oil,” said Rebecca Adler, a spokeswoman for the [American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers].
“AFPM members have not yet considered the API/AAR specification car and have not seen the data showing the costs and benefits.”